In medical terms, the presence of blood in the urine is called hematuria . When we notice or suspect the presence of blood in the urine, it is important to know the origin and therefore to consult.
After being produced by the kidneys, the urine must be evacuated and then imprint the urinary tract. She goes to the ureters. These lead urine to the bladder. Finally, the urine passes through a last conduit, the urethra, before being expelled.
Blood in the urine can come from anywhere in the ducts, from the kidneys to the bladder and urethra (and the prostate in humans).
The presence of blood in the urine requires consultation. This symptom must not be neglected, which is not always easy to objectify. Indeed, it happens that a dark, even reddish or pink urine is associated with highly concentrated urine (the person has very little drinking), or sometimes in connection with beet consumption. At the slightest doubt, the least question, better to consult and make a urine test.
In fact, there are two kinds of hematuria: with the blood that we see in the urine, and the one that we do not see but that does exist.
When you see the blood in your urine, it is called macroscopic hematuria. The urine may be dark red, light red or slightly pink.
It may happen that you have blood in the urine, but you do not realize it. It is a microscopic hematuria . It is impossible to detect this blood without medical analysis. It is thanks to a strip test in the urine, that one can detect the possible presence of blood. This test also makes it possible to detect the abnormal presence of albumin.
A urinary infection may be related to the presence of blood in the urine. It is not uncommon that in case of cystitis, in addition to burning at the time of urination, the person notices a little blood in the urine. In cases of renal colic, one can also notice more or less red urine. But other times, the reason is different (kidney disease, benign or malignant tumor ...).
It is important to know the exact cause of hematuria. And specific explorations may be necessary. Various additional tests may be prescribed by the doctor to determine the origin of the blood in the urine. The location of the bleeds will determine the severity of the disorder and define the management of the patient.
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