Type 1 diabetes: symptoms

The symptoms of type 1 diabetes in its typical form are rapid onset and brutal:

  • Frequent and abundant urine (polyuria), the body trying to eliminate excess sugar in the urine
  • An abnormal thirst (polydipsia) to compensate for the loss of water in the urine
  • An intense general fatigue,
  • Weight loss and muscle wasting despite a healthy appetite
  • Greater susceptibility to infections
Only a measurement of the blood glucose level analyzed in the laboratory makes it possible to determine with certainty the diabetes (often frankly high):
  • > 1.26g / l under fasting conditions
  • > 2g / l at any time of the day

In half of the cases, the revelation is more explosive and is manifested by a ketoacidosis: in the absence of glucose to supply several organs (in particular the brain and the heart), the body is obliged to use the fats as fuel and produces toxic substances called "ketone bodies".
It is a harmful relief solution for the body that leads to acidification of the blood PH, manifested by abdominal pain, hypothermia, or even coma.

Diabetes: the essential thing to know

As a diabetic, how to manage your daily life? Food, sport, pregnancy, school, travel ... Find all our practical tips in our special Diabetes issue!

The diagnosis

The diagnosis may be clinical if hyperglycaemia is associated with the classic triad: leanness / weight loss + ketosis + age <35 years or through the detection of circulating autoantibodies in the blood in people with high blood sugar.

At least one of the following circulating autoantibodies is detectable in 97% of cases at diagnosis: anti-GAD antibodies (which are observed at any age and persist throughout the course of the evolution), anti-IA2 antibodies and / or anti-Zn-T8 antibody. This diagnostic tool distinguishes type 1 diabetes from other forms of diabetes, and adapts treatment accordingly.

Shortly after a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, some people will experience what is known as the "honeymoon" phenomenon.

This transitional period is marked by a significant decrease in the need for insulin injection. It is explained by the secretion of a certain amount of insulin by some remaining pancreatic cells still healthy. It is possible in this case to initially balance the blood glucose levels with very low doses of insulin, or even to temporarily stop this treatment. It lasts an average of six to nine months, but can last up to two years. However, patients and their families should be warned that this is a temporary remission, not a cure.

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Diabetes or A doctor answers you!

To read :

> Diabetes: soon a tattoo to measure your blood sugar?
> Pollakiuria: this need to urinate often
> Diabetes and school: how does it work?
> Diabetes: a very innovative way to control your blood sugar

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Diabetes: sources and notes - Diseases

Diabetes: sources and notes

- Diabetes Fact Sheet No. 312, September 2006, WHO. - Management of diabetes. Diabetes type 1 of the adult. Guide - Type 1 Diabetes in Children and Adolescents, Long - Term Care, HAS, May 2006. - Drug treatment of type 2 diabetes (actualization) - Professional recommendation, Afssaps-HAS, November 2006
Read More
Genital herpes: practical advice - Diseases

Genital herpes: practical advice

Here are some practical tips for preventing and protecting yourself from genital herpes. To protect yourself The condom is not 100% reliable to protect against genital herpes, but it is still a good choice if you do not have a stable partner. And most importantly, it protects against other sexually transmitted infections
Read More
Cushing's disease: the treatments - Diseases

Cushing's disease: the treatments

The treatments differ according to the cause. If the disease is due to a pituitary gland adenoma, the tumor - removing surgery is the first - choice treatment, even when the adenoma is not visible on MRI. This surgical operation is quite delicate, since it involves intervening on the gland located at the base of the brain
Read More
Presbycusis - Diseases


Presbycusis is an age-related impairment of hearing. It is the most common cause of hearing loss (sometimes major). We can even say that it will concern us all from a certain age, and more specifically from 60/65 years! However, some people may be embarrassed at a younger age by presbycusis. Despite its immense frequency, this pathology remains poorly known
Read More