Diseases

Type 1 diabetes: what is it exactly?

Type I diabetes, or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), is an autoimmune disease. It is due to the destruction of pancreatic cells specialized in the production of insulin, which makes treatment by insulin injections mandatory.

Normally, after eating a meal, the sugar (glucose) level in the blood increases, and the body consequently releases a major hormone, insulin. This allows the entry of glucose into muscle cells, adipocytes (fat cells) and hepatocytes (liver cells) to be stored and provide energy.

In type 1 diabetes, specific autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells (which produce insulin) prevents the body from storing sugar and is therefore responsible for glucose levels in the blood (glucose) too high.

Type 1 diabetes (T1D) usually occurs before age 35, with peak in adolescence, but can occur at any age. It accounts for about 10% of diabetes cases (more than 300, 000 people in France).

Type 1 diabetes continues to grow in every country in the world, at a rate of 3 to 4% per year for the last twenty years, suggesting the involvement of environmental factors that are conducive and sensitive to changes in lifestyle.

There is also a decreasing gradient in the incidence of type 1 diabetes from northern to southern Europe, affecting both men and women.

You want to react, to give your testimony or to ask a question? Appointment in our FORUMS Diabetes or A doctor answers you!

Read also :

> All about diabetes
> 50 gourmet recipes AND adapted to diabetics
> Living with a diabetic: my child, parent, spouse ... is diabetic

Author: Dr Iléana de Lameth, Hospital Practitioner in Endocrinology, Diabetology, Nutrition

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Hypotension: the symptoms - Diseases
Diseases

Hypotension: the symptoms

The symptoms of hypotension are: Dizziness or vertigo, In some cases, fainting or fainting, A feeling of tiredness, weakness, Nausea and / or vomiting, Visual disturbances, a vision that blurs. In fact, there are two types of hypotension: Postural (or orthostatic) hypotension , the most common: one gets up too quickly from the bed, a chair, a squatting position
Read More
Alopecia: how to fight against hair loss? - Diseases
Diseases

Alopecia: how to fight against hair loss?

In men and women, there are many causes of hair loss that can be temporary such as seasonal effluvium, or after pregnancy, or durable like androgenetic alopecia. The most common hair loss is androgenetic alopecia or common alopecia. Other causes of hair loss are possible: a deficiency in certain nutrients, endocrine dysfunction (thyroid, ovarian, adrenal), a hair disease (alopecia areata, scarring alopecia)
Read More
Burn-out: the symptoms - Diseases
Diseases

Burn-out: the symptoms

The symptoms of burnout appear insidiously. It starts with the stress of everyday life on the way to work. It can manifest as malaise, nervous tension, irritability, or physical symptoms (abdominal pain, gastric burns, headaches, etc.). Over time, these symptoms become more common and increase as work pressure increases
Read More
Charcot's disease - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) - Diseases
Diseases

Charcot's disease - amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)

Charcot's disease, also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, is a neurological disease, in other words a pathology that affects the nervous system. It is more specifically a so-called neurodegenerative disease (indicating that certain major elements of the nervous system degenerate, disappear)
Read More