Diseases

Aneurysm: Symptoms

The symptoms of an aneurysm change according to the artery affected by this condition.

1 - The aneurysm of the aorta.

The aorta is the main artery of the human body, it starts from the left ventricle and distributes the blood to all organs, it has a high blood flow.

An aneurysm can sit all the way from the aorta: near the heart and the aortic valves, on its ascending course, on the horizontal portion where is located the origin of the arteries of the arms and the carotids which will irrigate the brain, the descending portion and abdominal aorta above or below the origin of the renal arteries.

On examination, the doctor can sometimes hear a breath on auscultation on the path of the aorta, feel a beating mass in the abdomen.
A chest X-ray, a CT scan, an MRI, a venous arteriography are the complementary examinations which will be able to confirm the diagnosis and direct the conduct to hold in particular the modalities of the surgical intervention.

Aneurysm of the aorta may give signs of compression of the neighboring organs when it reaches a certain size: compression of the pulmonary structures with the presence of respiratory discomfort, cough, chest pain, recurrent nerve compression (which innervates vocal cords) with a bitonal voice, compression of the esophagus with dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), abdominal pain if the aneurysm sits on the abdominal aorta with pain, digestive tract disorders, cellar syndrome superior which is due to the compression of the venous circulation back.

If the rupture is important, the haemorrhage will be massive and unfortunately often fatal.

Beware of blood circulation disorders!

The disorders of the blood circulation can be related to the heart, the arteries or the veins, which constitutes very different pathologies ... The point on this frequent disorder

2 - Aneurysm on a cerebral artery.

It can be symptomatic before their rupture if it is bulky sometimes giving headaches, paralysis ... Most often, it is silent and does not speak about it when it breaks and causes a meningeal haemorrhage with headache, nausea, vomiting, paralysis, even a coma from the outset.

A brain scan will confirm in most cases the diagnosis of aneurysm rupture; a surgical intervention in neurosurgery may be done as soon as possible.

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