Diseases

Iron deficiency anemia: The causes

The cause of iron deficiency anemia is a lack of iron. Iron deficiency can become more and more important. There are three consecutive stages, iron deficiency anemia corresponding to the last stage.

Stage I

At first, the body no longer has enough iron stock. This is a common case, even when you have a diet rich in iron. Low iron stores are defined by low ferritin levels. However, the hemoglobin level remains in the norm.

Stage II

The second stage: iron deficiency usually manifests as smaller red blood cells with a lower hemoglobin content. Because iron is an indispensable constituent of hemoglobin that enters the constitution of red blood cells.

Stage III

Finally, the third stage of iron deficiency - and the most serious - is iron deficiency anemia. This anemia comes from a significant decrease in iron, which means that hemoglobin levels are below the limit values ​​(less than 12 or 13 gr / dl of blood).

It must be known that this whole process can be long. It takes several months before presenting with chronic iron deficiency anemia. It is therefore possible to diagnose iron deficiency, before reaching the chronic iron deficiency anemia proper, unlike an acute anemia caused by a major hemorrhage, during an ectopic pregnancy termination, for example, or following a delivery.

But beware, if there is iron deficiency anemia, it is probably that there is a blood loss somewhere in the body that must be sought, treated and stopped. The two most common causes? The blood loss is of digestive origin (stomach, colon ...), and of gynecological origin marked by heavy or weak bleeding in the long course, or urinary.

Popular Posts

Category Diseases, Next Article

Early menopause: premature ovarian failure (IOP) - Diseases
Diseases

Early menopause: premature ovarian failure (IOP)

In France, the average age of menopause is 51 years, but this is only a statistical average covering very different situations, with a period of pre-menopause, also very variable according to women. We talk about early menopause, or more and more often premature ovarian failure (PDI), when menstruation stops before age 40
Read More
Sprain: the causes - Diseases
Diseases

Sprain: the causes

The sprain occurs because of a false movement that hurts the joint. It twists and the ligaments around it distend. This is the benign sprain. Serious sprains occur when one or more ligamentous bundles break, that is, when the ligaments tear like a piece of tissue. In more severe cases, ligamentous rupture may be associated with bone tearing where the ligament is normally attached
Read More
IBD: complications - Diseases
Diseases

IBD: complications

There are complications related to the duration of evolution and more acute complications. In case of Crohn's disease For Crohn's disease, the main complications are fistulization with the appearance of intra-abdominal or ano-perineal abscesses. The evolution can also be towards the stenosis which can be either inflammatory or fibrous
Read More
Keratitis: sources and notes - Diseases
Diseases

Keratitis: sources and notes

Author: Hélène Hodac. Expert consultant: Pr Gilles Renard, Scientific Director of the French Society of Ophthalmology (SFO). Sources: - SNOF, National Union of Ophthalmologists of France: clinic. MEDSI 1986. - Infectious keratitis and cosmetic lenses published in French Journal of Ophthalmology Volume 33, No.
Read More