Nutrition

Trans fat: what are the health risks?

Trans fatty acid does not have a very good reputation. Indeed, various studies have shown that these fatty acids consumed in large quantities would be harmful to our health and increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases and some cancers ...

Namely: We also call these trans fatty acids, hydrogenated oils, because the chemical peculiarity of these fats is to have hydrogen atoms in a specific situation in the molecule.

Trans Fatty Acids: Health Risks

More and more scientific arguments that demonstrate the harmful effects of trans fatty acids. Thus, an excess of trans fatty acid in the blood would increase the chances of developing breast cancer in women.

Cardiovascular, these trans fatty acids are also accused of many ailments. High consumption of these fats increases cardiovascular mortality.

To read: Focus on cardiovascular diseases

Among the effects of these fatty acids, they increase LDL-cholesterol (bad cholesterol).

Cholesterol: foods to avoid

They would also lower HDL-cholesterol (good cholesterol).

Foods good for cholesterol

The French Food Safety Agency (ANSES) estimates that there is a risk to health when trans fatty acid intakes exceed 2% of energy intake. The average consumption in France is estimated at 1.3%.

In fact, it appears that trans fatty acids of industrial origin are more dangerous than naturally occurring fatty acids. This has been shown when this consumption of fatty acid exceeds 3 g per day.

Note: In some countries, these trans fatty acids of industrial origin are almost prohibited. In France, the French Food Safety Agency recommends: "reducing the consumption of certain main foods that are vectors of trans fatty acids of technological origin (pastries, pastries, industrial bread products, chocolate bars, biscuits)".
It also recommends "to continue the effort to reduce the use of trans fatty acids of technological origin, both in human food and animal" .

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